Found 9 article(s) for author 'Business History'

The Harvard Research Center in Entrepreneurial History and the Daimonic Entrepreneur

The Harvard Research Center in Entrepreneurial History and the Daimonic Entrepreneur. Sophus Reinert, 2017, Paper, “This paper sketches the intellectual history of the Research Center in Entrepreneurial History, founded at Harvard in 1948, which helped established the contours of business history as a discipline. This history was shaped by the rivalry between N. S. B. Gras, the “father of business history,” and Arthur H. Cole, which defined still extant polarities in the field of business history. It provides context for the emergence of the figure of the “entrepreneur,” conceived of as an ambiguous and potent force of creative destruction, and of entrepreneurship as business history’s preeminent and vital dynamic. The paper focuses on German émigré Fritz L. Redlich, who was central to the Center’s work, and whose “creative entrepreneur” was conceived in explicit relation to the daimon, the godlike, frighteningly ambiguous, and often destructive power of inspiration and creativity.Link

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The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871

The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871. Jeffrey Williamson, 2017, Book, “Explores the nineteenth- and twentieth-century spread of modern industry to the global periphery. Demonstrates how, in the twenty-first century, economies in Asia, Latin America and even sub-Saharan Africa are converging on the historically-wealthy economies of Europe and North America. Seeks to understand the economic, historical, and political implications of this shift in industry. Offers a comparative assessment of twelve regions: Russia, East-Central Europe, Southeast Europe, Italy, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, China, Northern Latin America, and Southern Latin America.Link

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The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871

The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871. Jeffrey Williamson, 2017, Paper, “Ever since the Industrial Revolution of the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, industrialization has been the key to modern economic growth. The fact that modern industry originated in Britain, and spread initially to north-western Europe and North America, implied a dramatic divergence in living standards between the industrial North (or ‘West’) and a non-industrial, or even de-industrializing, South (or ‘Rest’). This nineteenth-century divergence, which had profound economic, military, and geopolitical implications, has been studied in great detail by many economists and historians. Today, this divergence between the ‘West’ and the ‘Rest’ is visibly unravelling, as economies in Asia, Latin America and even sub-Saharan Africa converge on the rich economies of Europe and North America. This phenomenon, which is set to define the twenty-first century, both economically and politically, has also been the subject of a considerable amount of research.Link

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The Origins of High-Tech Venture Investing in America

The Origins of High-Tech Venture Investing in America. Tom Nicholas, October 2015, Book Chapter. “The United States has developed an unparalleled environment for the provision of high-tech investment finance. Today it is reflected in the strength of agglomeration economies in Silicon Valley, but historically its origins lay in the East Coast. Notably, the New England Council’s immediate post-WWII efforts to create the American Research and Development Corporation created a precedent for “long-tail” high-tech investing. This approach became institutionalized in America over subsequent decades in a way that has been difficult to replicate in other countries. The role of history helps to explain why.Link

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Making ‘Green Giants’: Environment Sustainability in the German Chemical Industry, 1950s–1980s

Making ‘Green Giants’: Environment Sustainability in the German Chemical Industry, 1950s–1980s. Geoffery G. Jones, April 2014, Paper. “This article examines the evolution of corporate environmentalism in the West German chemical industry between the 1950s and the 1980s. It focuses on two companies, Bayer and Henkel, that have been identified as “green giants,” and traces the evolution of their environmental strategies in response to growing evidence of pollution and resulting political pressures. The variety of capitalism literature has suggested that…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Waste, Recycling and Entrepreneurship in Central and Northern Europe, 1870–1940

Waste, Recycling and Entrepreneurship in Central and Northern Europe, 1870–1940. Geoffery G. Jones, March 4, 2014, Paper. “This working paper examines the role of entrepreneurs in the municipal solid waste industry in industrialized central and northern Europe from the late nineteenth century to the 1940s. It explores the emergence of numerous German, Danish, and other European entrepreneurial firms explicitly devoted to making a profitable business out of conserving and returning valuable resources to productive use…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Firms and Global Capitalism

Firms and Global Capitalism. Geoffrey G. Jones, March 2014, Book Chapter. “The second volume of The Cambridge History of Capitalism provides an authoritative reference on the spread and impact of capitalism across the world, and the varieties of responses to it. Employing a wide geographical coverage and strong comparative outlook, a team of leading scholars explore the global consequences that capitalism has had for industry, agriculture and trade, along with the reactions by governments, firms and markets…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Marc Rich and Global Commodity Trading

Marc Rich and Global Commodity Trading. Geoffery G. Jones, March 2014, Case. “Examines the career of Marc Rich, the world’s leading commodity trader before his criminal indictment in the United States in 1983. The case surveys the historical growth of commodity trading, especially in metals, from the late nineteenth century, and its evolving forms as governments intervened in markets after 1945. Rich joined Philipp Brothers, then the largest commodity trader, in 1954. He formed his own firm two decades later…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Entrepreneurs, Firms and Global Wealth since 1850

Entrepreneurs, Firms and Global Wealth since 1850. Geoffery G. Jones, March 12, 2013, Paper. “We live today in a world where most people are poor and some are very rich, and the category in which you find yourself is largely determined not by your job, your age or your gender but by your location. Despite the fast economic growth of China and India over the past two decades, most people in the world today are very poor. Nearly 3 billion people live on less than $2 a day; almost 1 billion are illiterate…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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