Found 21 article(s) for author 'Adi Sunderam'

Market Power in Mortgage Lending and the Transmission of Monetary Policy

Market Power in Mortgage Lending and the Transmission of Monetary Policy. David Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, September 2014, Paper. “We present evidence that high concentration in mortgage lending reduces the sensitivity of mortgage rates and refinancing activity to mortgage-backed security (MBS) yields. We isolate the direct effect of concentration and rule out alternative explanations in two ways. First, we use a matching procedure to compare high- and low-concentration counties that are very similar on observable characteristics and find similar results. Second, we examine counties where bank mergers…Link

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Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs. Samuel G. Hanson, David S. Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, June 2014, Paper. “This paper proposes a new approach to social cost-benefit analysis using a model in which a benevolent government chooses risky projects in the presence of market failures and tax distortions. The government internalizes market failures and therefore perceives project payoffs differently than do individual private actors. This gives it a “social risk management” motive—projects that generate social benefits are attractive, particularly if those benefits are realized in bad economic states…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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An Evaluation of Money Market Fund Reform Proposals

An Evaluation of Money Market Fund Reform Proposals. Samuel G. Hanson, David S. Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, May 2014, Paper. “U.S. money market mutual funds (MMFs) are an important source of dollar funding for global financial institutions, particularly those headquartered outside the U.S. MMFs proved to be a source of considerable instability during the financial crisis of 2007-2009, resulting in extraordinary government support to help stabilize the funding of global financial institutions. In light of the problems that emerged during the crisis, a number of MMF reforms have been proposed…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Frictions in Shadow Banking: Evidence from the Lending Behavior of Money Market Funds

Frictions in Shadow Banking: Evidence from the Lending Behavior of Money Market Funds. Adi Sunderam, December 24, 2013, Paper. “We document frictions in money market mutual fund lending that lead to the transmission of distress across borrowers. Using novel security-level holdings data, we show that funds with exposure to Eurozone banks suffered large outflows in mid-2011. These outflows had significant spillovers: non-European issuers relying on such funds raised less short-term debt financing. Issuer characteristics do not explain the results…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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The Rise and Fall of Securitization

The Rise and Fall of Securitization. Samuel G. Hanson, Adi Sunderam, December 2013, Paper. “The rise and fall of nontraditional securitizations—collateralized debt obligations and mortgage-backed securities backed by nonprime loans—played a central role in the financial crisis. Little is known, however, about the factors that drove the pre-crisis surge in investor demand for these products. Examining insurance companies’ and mutual funds’ holdings of fixed income securities, we find evidence suggesting that both agency problems and neglected risks played an important role…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Money Creation and the Shadow Banking System

Money Creation and the Shadow Banking System. Adi Sunderam, December 2013, Paper. “It is widely argued that shadow banking grew rapidly before the recent financial crisis because of rising demand for money-like claims. This paper assesses a key premise of this argument that investors actually treated short-term debt issued by shadow banks as a money-like claim. We present a model where demand for money-like claims is satisfied by deposits, Treasury bills, and shadow bank debt. The model provides predictions about the price quantity dynamics of these claims, as well as the behavior of monetary authority…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Are There Too Many Safe Securities? Securitization and the Incentives for Information Production

Are There Too Many Safe Securities? Securitization and the Incentives for Information Production. Samuel Hanson, Adi Sunderam, June 2013, Paper. “We present a model that helps explain several past collapses of securitization markets. Originators issue too many informationally insensitive securities in good times, blunting investor incentives to become informed. The resulting scarcity of informed investors exacerbates market collapses in bad times. Inefficiency arises because informed investors are a public good from the perspective of originators. All originators benefit from the presence of additional informed investors in bad times…” Link verified March 28, 2014

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Concentration in Mortgage Lending, Refinancing Activity, and Mortgage Rates

Concentration in Mortgage Lending, Refinancing Activity, and Mortgage Rates. David S. Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, June 2013, Paper. “We present evidence that high concentration in local mortgage lending reduces the sensitivity of mortgage rates and refinancing activity to mortgage-backed security (MBS) yields. A decrease in MBS yields is typically associated with greater refinancing activity and lower rates on new mortgages. However, this effect is dampened in counties with concentrated mortgage markets. We isolate the direct effect of mortgage market concentration and rule out alternative explanations based on borrower…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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An Evaluation of Money Market Fund Reform Proposals

An Evaluation of Money Market Fund Reform Proposals. Samuel Hanson, David S. Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, April 2013, Paper. “We analyze the leading reform proposals to address the structural vulnerabilities of money market mutual funds (MMFs). We assume that the main goal of MMF reform is safeguarding financial stability. In light of this goal, reforms should reduce the ex ante incentives for MMFs to take excessive risk and increase the ex post resilience of MMFs to system-wide runs. Our analysis suggests that requiring MMFs to have subordinated capital buffers could generate significant financial stability benefits. Subordinated capital provides MMFs…” Link verified March 28, 2014

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Inflation Bets or Deflation Hedges? The Changing Risks of Nominal Bonds

Inflation Bets or Deflation Hedges? The Changing Risks of Nominal Bonds. John Y. Campbell, Adi Sunderam, Luis M. Viceira, January 15, 2013, Paper. “The covariance between U.S. Treasury bond returns and stock returns has moved considerably over time. While it was slightly positive on average in the period 1953–2009, it was unusually high in the early 1980s and negative in the 2000s, particularly in the downturns of 2000–2002 and 2007–2009. This paper specifies and estimates a model in which the nominal term structure of interest rates is driven by four state variables…” Link

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