Found 303 article(s) in category 'Trade Policy'

In Search of Real Rigidities

In Search of Real Rigidities. Gita Gopinath, April 1, 2010, Paper. “The closed and open economy literatures work on estimating real rigidities, but in parallel. We bring the two literatures together to shed light on this question. We use international price data and exchange rate shocks to evaluate the importance of real rigidities in price setting. We show that consistent with the presence of real rigidities the response of reset-price inflation to exchange rate shocks depicts significant persistence. Individual import prices, conditional on changing, respond to exchange rate shocks prior to the last price change. At the same time aggregate reset-price inflation for imports…” Link

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Trade Policy and Firm Boundaries

Trade Policy and Firm Boundaries. Laura Alfaro, January 2010, Paper. “We study how trade policy affects firms’ ownership structures. We first embed a model of vertical integration decisions into a standard perfectly-competitive international trade framework. In the model, integration decisions are driven by a trade-off between the pecuniary benefits of coordinating production decisions and the managers’ private benefits of operating in preferred waysThe price of output is a crucial determinant of this choice, since it affects the size of the pecuniary benefits: higher prices lead to more integration. Through its effect on product prices, trade policy…” Link

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Currency Choice and Exchange Rate Pass-through

Currency Choice and Exchange Rate Pass-through. Gopinath, Gita, Oleg Itskhoki, and Roberto Rigobon, 2010, Paper. “We show, using novel data on currency and prices for US imports, that even conditional on a price change, there is a large difference in the exchange rate pass-through of the average good priced in dollars (25 percent) versus nondollars (95 percent). We document this to be the case across countries and within disaggregated sectors. This finding contradicts the assumption in an important class of models that the currency of pricing is exogenous. We present a model of endogenous currency choice in a dynamic price…” Link

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Frequency of Price Adjustment and Pass-through

Frequency of Price Adjustment and Pass-through. Gopinath, Gita, and Oleg Itskhoki. 2010, Paper. “We empirically document using U.S. import prices that on average goods with a high frequency of price adjustment have a long-run pass-through that is at least twice as high as that of low-frequency adjusters. We show theoretically that this relationship should follow because variable mark-ups that reduce long-run pass-through also reduce the curvature of the profit function when expressed as a function of the cost shocks, making the firm less willing to adjust its price. Lastly, we quantitatively evaluate a dynamic menu-cost…” Link

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The Building Blocks of Economic Complexity

The Building Blocks of Economic Complexity. Ricardo Hausmann, September 2009, Paper. “For Adam Smith, wealth was related to the division of labor. As people and firms specialize in different activities, economic efficiency increases, suggesting that development is associated with an increase in the number of individual activities and with the complexity that emerges from the interactions between them. Here we develop a view of economic growth and development that gives a central role to the complexity of a country’s economy by interpreting trade data as a bipartite network in which…” Link

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The building blocks of economic complexity

The building blocks of economic complexity. Ricardo Hausmann, June 28, 2009. “For Adam Smith, wealth was related to the division of labor. As people and firms specialize in different activities, economic efficiency increases, suggesting that development is associated with an increase in the number of individual activities and with the complexity that emerges from the interactions between them. Here we develop a view of economic growth and development that gives a central role to the complexity of a country’s economy by interpreting trade data as a bipartite network in which countries are connected to the products they export, and show…” Link

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Regional Trade Integration and Multinational Firm Strategies

Regional Trade Integration and Multinational Firm Strategies. Pol Antras, C. Fritz Foley, April 2009, Book Chapter. “This paper analyzes the effects of the formation of a regional trade agreement on the level and nature of multinational firm activity. We examine aggregate data that captures the response of U.S. multinational firms to the formation of the ASEAN free trade agreement. Observed patterns guide the development of a model in which heterogeneous firms from a source country decide how to serve two foreign markets. Following a reduction in tariffs on trade between the two foreign countries, the model predicts growth in the number of…” Link

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Exchange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth: The Role of Financial Development

Exchange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth: The Role of Financial Development. Philippe Aghion, Kenneth Rogoff, 2009, Paper. “This paper offers empirical evidence that real exchange rate volatility can have a significant impact on long-term rate of productivity growth, but the effect depends critically on a country’s level of financial development. For countries with relatively low levels of financial development, exchange rate volatility generally reduces growth, whereas for financially advanced countries, there is no significant effect. Our empirical analysis is based on an 83 country data set spanning the years 1960-2000…”  Link

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Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal

Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal. Kenneth Rogoff, 2009, Paper. “The literature on the benefits and costs of financial globalization for developing countries has exploded in recent years, but along many disparate channels with a variety of apparently conflicting results. There is still little robust evidence of the growth benefits of broad capital account liberalization, but a number of recent papers in the finance literature report that equity market liberalizations do significantly boost growth…” Link

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Comment: Policymaking Insights from Behavioral Economics

Comment: Policymaking Insights from Behavioral Economics. David Laibson, 2009, Opinion. “Annamaria Lusardi’s paper is a wonderful summary of what is known about financial literacy and financial decisionmaking. I strongly recommend that anyone who is thinking about household savings behavior or savings policy read her paper. It emphasizes the recent findings that Lusardi and her coauthors have generated: financial illiteracy is an important contributor to suboptimal investment choicesMy comments cover four topics. First, I discuss the classical economic argument that economic choices might be sophisticated…” Link

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