Found 592 article(s) in category 'Regulation'

Tax Incentives for Affordable Housing: The Low Income Housing Tax Credit

Tax Incentives for Affordable Housing: The Low Income Housing Tax Credit. Mihir Desai, Monica Singhal, January 2010, Paper. “The Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) represents a novel tax expenditure program that employs ‘investable’ tax credits to spur production of low-income rental housing. While it has grown into the largest source of new affordable housing in the U.S. and its structure is now being replicated in other programs, the LIHTC has also drawn skepticism and calls for its repeal. We provide estimates of tax expenditures under this program and discuss pricing, efficiency, and distributional effects of the program …” Link

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The Greenness of China: Household Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development

The Greenness of China: Household Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development. Edward Glaeser, December 2009, Paper. “China urbanization is associated with both increases in per capita income and greenhouse gas emissions. This article uses micro data to rank 74 major Chinese cities with respect to their household carbon footprint. We find that the ‘greenest’ cities based on this criterion are Huaian and Suqian while the ‘dirtiest’ cities are Daqing and Mudanjiang. Even in the dirtiest city (Daqing), a standardized household produces only one-fifth of the emissions produced in America’s greenest city…” Link

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Virtue out of Necessity? Compliance, Commitment and the Improvement of Labor Conditions in Global Supply Chains

Virtue out of Necessity? Compliance, Commitment and the Improvement of Labor Conditions in Global Supply Chains. Akshay Mangla, September 2009, Paper. “Private, voluntary compliance programs, promoted by global corporations and nongovernmental organizations alike, have produced only modest and uneven improvements in working conditions and labor rights in most global supply chains. Through a detailed study of a major global apparel company and its suppliers, this article argues that this compliance model rests on misguided theoretical and empirical assumptions…” Link

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Clusters and Industrial Districts – Common Roots, Different Perspectives

Clusters and Industrial Districts – Common Roots, Different Perspectives. Michael Porter, Christian Ketels, August 31, 2009, Book Chapter. “In 1990, two books appeared which addressed the role of locations in competitiveness and company performance. Industrial Districts and Inter-Firm Co-operation in Italy (Pyke, Becattini and Sengenberger 1990) discussed Giacomo Becattini’s notion of industrial districts (IDs), ‘socio-territorial entities characterized by the active presence of both a community of people and a population of firms in one naturally and historically bounded area [with] a dominant industrial activity’…” May require purchase or user account. Link

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The Trouble with Cases

The Trouble with Cases. Richard Zeckhauser, August 2009, Paper. “For several decades now a debate has raged about policy-making by litigation. Spurred by the way in which tobacco, environmental, and other litigation has functioned as an alternative form of regulation, the debate asks whether policy-making or regulation by litigation is more or less socially desirable than more traditional policy-making by ex ante rule-making by legislatures or administrative agencies. In this paper we step into this debate, but not to come down on one side or another, all things considered. Rather, we seek to show that any form of regulation that is…” Link

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Sustainability in the Boardroom

Sustainability in the Boardroom. Lynn Paine, May 2009, Paper. “One surprising role of Nike’s committee is to provide support for innovation. More and more companies recognize the importance of corporate responsibility to their long-term success–and yet the matter gets short shrift in most boardrooms, consistently ranking at the bottom of some two dozen possible priorities. Many years ago labor conditions in Asian contract factories prompted Nike board member Jill Ker Conway to lobby for a board-level corporate responsibility committee, which the company created in 2001...” Link

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Civil society and the state: The interplay between cooperation and minimum wage regulation

Civil society and the state: The interplay between cooperation and minimum wage regulation. Philippe Aghion, April 30, 2009, Paper. “In a cross-section of countries, state regulation of labor markets is strongly negatively correlated with the quality of labor relations. In this paper, we argue that these facts reflect different ways to regulate labor markets, either through the state or through the civil society, depending on the degree of cooperation in the economy. We rationalize these facts with a model of learning of…” Link

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TECHNOLOGY AND LABOR REGULATIONS

TECHNOLOGY AND LABOR REGULATIONS. Alberto Alesina, April 2009, Paper. “Many low skilled jobs have been substituted away for machines in Europe, or eliminated, much more so than in the US, while technological progress at the “top”, i.e. at the high-tech sector, is faster in the US than in Europe. This paper suggests that the main difference between Europe and the US in this respect is their different labor market policies. European countries reduce wage flexibility and inequality through a host of labor market regulations, like binding minimum wage laws, permanent unemployment subsidies, firing costs, etc..” Link

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Can political affirmative action for women reduce gender bias?

Can political affirmative action for women reduce gender bias? Rohini Pande, January 8, 2009, Article. ““While women have the legal right to equal participation in politics in almost every country around the world, they remain vastly underrepresented in local and national politics. As of July 2006, women accounted for only 17% of parliamentarians worldwide, and a woman headed the government in only seven countries (UNICEF, 2007). These numbers vary dramatically by region. In 2004, the highest share of female parliamentarians was found in the Nordic countries (39.7%), while the lowest was in the Arab States (6%)…” Link

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