Found 578 article(s) in category 'Regulation'

Business Responsibilities for Human Rights

Business Responsibilities for Human Rights: A Commentary on Arnold. Nien-he Hsieh, 2017, Paper, “Human rights have come to play a prominent role in debates about the responsibilities of business. In the business ethics literature, there are two approaches to the question of whether businesses have human rights obligations. The ‘moral’ approach conceives of human rights as antecedently existing basic moral rights. The ‘institutional’ approach starts with contemporary human rights practice in which human rights refer to rights enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequent international documents, and in which states are the primary duty bearers of human rights. This commentary argues that the implications of adopting one or the other approach are much greater than most scholars recognize, and that we have reason to reject the moral approach and to adopt the institutional approach instead. The commentary highlights key questions that need to be addressed if human rights are to play a central role in framing the responsibilities of business.Link

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Deregulating Is Not So Easy

Deregulating Is Not So Easy. Cass Sunstein, July 25, 2017, Opinion, “In what sounded like a major announcement, the Trump administration last week highlighted numbers showing it was making big strides in controlling regulations. It is true that the pace of rulemaking has slowed dramatically. Thus far, the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs has approved just 41 regulations, meaning that we might see fewer than 100 in all of 2017. That would be less than one-fifth of the average under the most recent Republican president, George W. Bush.” Link

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The Trump administration—not the Fed—has it right on bank regulation

The Trump administration—not the Fed—has it right on bank regulation. Hal Scott, July 3, 2017, Opinion, “All 34 of the largest banks in the United States, representing over 75 percent of U.S. banking assets, recently passed the Federal Reserve Board’s annual stress tests for the first time since the tests were created in 2011. However, celebration is very premature.Link

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Patent Trolling Isn’t Dead — It’s Just Moving to Delaware

Patent Trolling Isn’t Dead — It’s Just Moving to Delaware. Lauren Cohen, June 28, 2017, Paper, “For years, the small East Texas town of Marshall has held a special status in patent litigation: poster city for opportunistic “patent trolling” lawsuits brought by nonpracticing entities, firms that amass patents for the sake of pursuing license fees and litigation. Thanks to last month’s Supreme Court ruling in TC Heartland v. Kraft Foods Group, Marshall’s dominant position as a patent trolling venue may soon end. But will patent trolling be reduced overall? Unlikely.Link

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What Corporate Bankruptcy Can Teach Us About Morality

What Corporate Bankruptcy Can Teach Us About Morality. Mihir Desai, June 27, 2017, Audio, “Does the world of finance and markets needs a good infusion of humanity? One book examines how how a wider reading of the humanities can help you understand finance and — at the same time — how finance can help you understand the human condition. It’s by economist and Harvard Business School Professor Mihir Desai.  He joined Marketplace Morning Report host David Brancaccio to discuss his latest book, “The Wisdom of Finance: Discovering Humanity in the World of Risk and Return.”Link

 

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Lawrence Summers on Carbon Dividends, Border Tax, Trade

Lawrence Summers on Carbon Dividends, Border Tax, Trade. Lawrence Summers, June 20, 2017, Video, “Lawrence Summers, Harvard University Charles W. Eliot Professor and Former U.S. Treasury Secretary, discusses carbon dividends, a border adjustment tax, and U.S. trade agreements. He speaks with Bloomberg’s David Westin on “Bloomberg Daybreak: Americas.” (Source: Bloomberg)Link

 

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The Effects of Fuel Prices, Regulations, and Other Factors on U.S. Coal Production, 2008-2016

The Effects of Fuel Prices, Regulations, and Other Factors on U.S. Coal Production, 2008-2016. John Coglianese, James Stock, June 15, 2017, Paper, “As is shown in Figure 1, between 2008 and 2015, U.S. coal production fell from 1,172 million tons to 897 million tons and coal employment fell from 87,000 to 66,000. In 2016, coal production declined further, to 739 million tons, 37% below its 2008 level. It is widely understood that a primary factor in this decline has been the sharp decline in natural gas prices, which has led to the substitution of natural gas for coal in electricity generation. In 2008, the national average price of natural gas delivered to an electricity generator nationally was 4.3times the price of coal, on a Btu basis; by 2016, this relative price had fallen to 1.4 as a result of the development and spread of fracking. This national decline masks regional variation, with natural gas prices being even more competitive in some regions. For the first time, in 2016 electricity generated from gas overtook generation from coal.Link

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