Found 413 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

Happiness, Contentment and other Emotions for Central Banks

Happiness, Contentment and other Emotions for Central Banks. Rafael Di Tella, November 7, 2007, Paper. “We show that data on satisfaction with life from over 600,000 Europeans are negatively correlated with the unemployment rate and the inflation rate. Our preferred interpretation is that this shows that emotions are affected by macroeconomic fluctuations. Contentment is, at a minimum, one of the important emotions that central banks should focus on. More ambitiously, contentment might be considered one of the components of utility. The results may help central banks understand the tradeoffs that the public is willing to accept in terms of unemployment for inflation, at least in terms of keeping the average level of one particular emotion (contentment) constant…” Link

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Cyclical Budgetary Policy and Economic Growth: What Do We Learn from OECD Panel Data?

Cyclical Budgetary Policy and Economic Growth: What Do We Learn from OECD Panel Data? Philippe Aghion, 2007, Paper. “A common view among macroeconomists is that there is a decoupling between macroeconomic policy (e.g., budget deficit, taxation, money supply), which should primarily affect price and income stability and long-run economic growth, which, if anything, should depend only upon structural characteristics of the economy (property right enforcement, market structure, market mobility, and so forth)…” Link

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Assessing China’s Exchange Rate Regime

Assessing China’s Exchange Rate Regime. Jeffrey Frankel, 2007, Paper. “The IMF Articles of Agreement forbid a country from manipulating its currency for unfair advantage. The US Treasury has been legally required since 1988 to report to Congress biannually regarding whether individual trading partners are guilty of manipulation. One part of this paper tests econometrically two competing sets of hypothesized determinants of the Treasury decisions: (1) legitimate economic variables consistent with the IMF definition of manipulation – the partners’ overall current account/GDP, its reserve changes and the real overvaluation of its currency, and (2) variables suggestive of domestic American political expediency – the bilateral trade balance, US unemployment and an election year dummy. The econometric results suggest that the Treasury verdicts are driven heavily by the US bilateral deficit, though other variables also turn out to be quite important.Link

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