Found 377 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

Assessing Impact Of Demonetisation Remains A Moving Target

Assessing Impact Of Demonetisation Remains A Moving Target. Gita Gopinath, December 23, 2016, Video, “India’s experiment with demonetisation, the largest such exercise ever undertaken, has caught the attention of global economists. From former U.S. Treasury Secretary Larry Summers, who raised questions about how successful the move will be in curbing corruption, to Harvard Professor Kenneth Rogoff, who advised emerging economies not to ‘try this at home.’Link

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Demonetization on Five Continents

Demonetization on Five Continents. Jeffrey Frankel, December 22, 2016, Opinion, “Around the world, several countries are currently undergoing “demonetization,” or currency reforms in which the government removes banknotes of a certain denomination from circulation and replaces them with new notes. Governments pursue demonetization for a variety of reasons, and some of the recent initiatives are going better than others.Link

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The Destructive Power of Inflation

The Destructive Power of Inflation. Martin Feldstein, December 22, 2016, Opinion, “When I was in Argentina last week, I was reminded of the devastating power of high inflation. Argentina’s annual inflation rate is now about 20%, down from an estimated rate of about 40% last year. The central bank is struggling to keep the economy on a disinflationary path, with a goal of achieving a 5% rate three years from now.Link

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Dominant Currency Paradigm

Dominant Currency Paradigm. Gita Gopinath, December 2016, Paper, “Most trade is invoiced in very few currencies. Despite this, the Mundell-Fleming benchmark and its variants focus on pricing in the producer’s currency or in local currency. We model instead a ‘dominant currency paradigm’ for small open economies characterized by three features: pricing in a dominant currency; pricing complementarities, and imported input use in production. Under this paradigm: (a) terms of trade are stable; (b) dominant currency exchange rate pass-through into export and import prices is high regardless of destination or origin of goods; (c) exchange rate pass-through of non-dominant currencies is small; (d) expenditure switching occurs mostly via imports and export expansions following depreciations are weak. Using merged firm level and customs data from Colombia we document strong support for the dominant currency paradigm and reject the alternatives of producer currency and local currency pricing.Link

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Italy Has Faced a Long, Difficult Time

Italy Has Faced a Long, Difficult Time. Kenneth Rogoff, December 1, 2016, Video, “In today’s “Morning Must Read,” Bloomberg’s Tom Keene and Francine Lacqua highlight comments on this weekend’s Italian referendum. They speak with Harvard University Professor of Economics Kenneth Rogoff on “Bloomberg Surveillance.”Link

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Progress and Confusion: The State of Macroeconomic Policy

Progress and Confusion: The State of Macroeconomic Policy. Kenneth Rogoff, Lawrence Summers, 2016, Book, “What will economic policy look like once the global financial crisis is finally over? Will it resume the pre-crisis consensus, or will it be forced to contend with a post-crisis “new normal”? Have we made progress in addressing these issues, or does confusion remain? In April of 2015, the International Monetary Fund gathered leading economists, both academics and policymakers, to address the shape of future macroeconomic policy. This book is the result, with prominent figures—including Ben Bernanke, Lawrence Summers, and Paul Volcker—offering essays that address topics that range from the measurement of systemic risk to foreign exchange intervention.Link

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PM Narendra Modi’s Notes Ban Neither Intelligent Nor Humane: Amartya Sen To NDTV

PM Narendra Modi’s Notes Ban Neither Intelligent Nor Humane: Amartya Sen To NDTV. Amartya Sen, November 30, 2016, Video, “Despotic and authoritarian” is how Nobel Laureate and Bharat Ratna Amartya Sen describes the decision to abruptly ban 500- and 1000-rupee notes. “The alleged objective of dealing with black money is something all Indians would laud. But we have to ask whether this is the good way to do it? This decision is about minimal achievement and maximal suffering,” Dr Sen said, appearing from Harvard University on NDTV’s The Buck Stops Here.Link

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Demonetization Dos and Don’ts

Demonetization Dos and Don’ts. Gita Gopinath, November 27, 2016, Opinion, “On November 8, at 8:15 in the evening, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government announced that, at the stroke of midnight, all 500- and 1,000-rupee notes in circulation would no longer be considered legal tender, and would need to be exchanged for new 500- and 2,000-rupee notes. Modi’s “demonetization” intervention affected 85% of the money in circulation in India. It was an unprecedented move, whether in India or almost anywhere else, and it is by far Modi’s boldest policy intervention to date.Link

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Most sweeping change in currency policy in the world in decades

Most sweeping change in currency policy in the world in decades. Lawrence Summers, November 21, 2016, Opinion, “One of us (Larry) has long advocated the abolition of the $100 note in the US context and the 500 euro note (aka the Bin Laden) in the European context. We assumed the next step after the ECB’s announcement that the 500 euro note would be phased out would be discussion of the $100 bill and of the particularly pernicious 1000 Swiss franc note.Link

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