Found 413 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates

The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates. Carmen Reinhart, September 23, 2017, Opinion, “Atlantic-hugging policymakers and pundits, buffered by a continent and a large ocean, may not fully appreciate the significant effect on global financial markets that the threat posed by North Korea has had in recent months. But competition for safe assets has clearly heated up.Link

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Is Larry Summers A Fan Of Nominal GDP Level Targeting?

Is Larry Summers A Fan Of Nominal GDP Level Targeting? Lawrence Summers, September 19, 2017, Audio, “You are going to have to listen to my podcast with him to find out the answer. Here is a hint: We spent a portion of the show talking about NGDP level targeting (NGDPLT) and what it would take to actually get it implemented it at the Federal Reserve. So listen to the show to find out Larry’s thoughts on NGDPLT as well as his views on secular stagnation, Fed policy since the crisis, and macroeconomic policymaking in real time. It was a fun interview.Link

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Popular Acceptance of Inequality due to Innate Brute Luck and Support for Classical Benefit-Based Taxation

Popular Acceptance of Inequality due to Innate Brute Luck and Support for Classical Benefit-Based Taxation. Matthew Weinzierl, September 9, 2017, Paper, “U.S. survey respondents’ views on distributive justice differ in two specific, related ways from what is conventionally assumed in modern optimal tax research. When expressing their preferences over allocations in stylized, hypothetical scenarios meant to isolate key features of the tax problem, a large share of respondents resist the full equalization of unequal outcomes due to innate brute luck that standard analyses recommend. A similar share prefer a classical benefit-based logic for taxes over the conventional logic of diminishing marginal social welfare. Moreover, these two views are linked: respondents who more strongly resist equalization are more likely to prefer the classical benefit-based principle. Though the Amazon Mechanical Turk survey population is not a representative sample of the U.S. population, robustness of these results across demographic traits and political views suggests that a large share of the American public holds views inconsistent with standard welfarist objectives.Link

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Cohn is Getting it all Wrong on Taxes

Cohn is Getting it all Wrong on Taxes. Lawrence Summers, September 5, 2017, Opinion, “Given recent controversies, I was interested to read National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn’s answer to a “why are you staying?” question put by Stuart Varney of the Fox Business Network last week. To his credit Cohn did not back away from his reservations about the president’s response to the Charlottesville violence. He said “Look, tax cuts are really important to me. I think it’s a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. We haven’t done tax cuts in 31 years. So, to be a part of an administration that gets something done that hasn’t been done for 31 years is enormously challenging, enormously interesting to me.” Link

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Tax Reform and Budget Deficits in America

Tax Reform and Budget Deficits in America. Martin Feldstein, August 29, 2017, Opinion, “Republican leaders in the US House of Representatives have been at work for more than a year designing a major reform of personal and corporate taxes. Although the changes may widen the budget deficit in the short term, the incentive effects of lower rates will boost economic growth, implying lower long-term deficits.Link

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The Fed’s Next Big Set of Challenges

The Fed’s Next Big Set of Challenges. Lawrence Summers, August 25, 2017, Opinion, “I will not be attending Jackson Hole this year but I will be thinking about some of the issues under discussion. As I have written recently, I think the period going forward will be more challenging for central banks than the preceding few years. I will sleep best at night if Janet Yellen is reappointed.Link

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Dealing with Monetary Paralysis at the Zero Bound

Dealing with Monetary Paralysis at the Zero Bound. Kenneth Rogoff, Summer 2017, Paper, “Recently, the key constraint for central banks is the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates. Central banks fear that if they push short-term policy interest rates too deeply negative, there will be a massive flight into paper currency. This paper asks whether, in a world where paper currency is becoming increasingly vestigial outside small transactions (at least in the legal, tax compliant economy), there might be relatively simple ways to finesse the zero bound without affecting how most ordinary people live. Surprisingly, this question gets little attention compared to the massive number of articles that take the zero bound as given and look for out-of-the-box solutions for dealing with it. In an inversion of the old joke, it is a bit as if the economics literature has insisted on positing ‘assume we don’t have a can opener,’ without considering the possibility that we might be able to devise one. It makes sense not to wait until the next financial crisis to develop plans.Link

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Central Bankers Should’ve Been More Aggressive

Central Bankers Should’ve Been More Aggressive. Kenneth Rogoff, July 20, 2017, Audio, “Kenneth Rogoff, a professor at Harvard University, says central bankers should’ve been more aggressive during the financial crisis and that India’s demonetization was done too quickly. Prior to that, Kathy Matsui, chief Japan equity strategist at Goldman Sachs Japan, says Japanese companies are strong. Robert Shiller, a professor at Yale University, says New York City housing is more affordable than people think. Finally, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu says Washington’s stuck making the same mistakes in health care.Link

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China Could Export a Recession to Everyone Else

China Could Export a Recession to Everyone Else. Kenneth Rogoff, July 5, 2017, Video, “Soaring debt levels in China were a serious concern as the fallout of any crisis would hit everyone else, said a former International Monetary Fund (IMF) economist on Thursday. “If there’s a country in the world which is really going to affect everyone else and which is vulnerable, it’s got to be China today,” Kenneth Rogoff, economics professor at Harvard University, told CNBC’s “Squawk Box” on Thursday.Link

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One Hundred Years of Indebtedness

One Hundred Years of Indebtedness. Carmen Reinhart, June 30, 2017, Opinion, “Gabriel Garcia Márquez, the Nobel laureate novelist most famous for One Hundred Years of Solitude, was native to Colombia. Nonetheless, as a master of magical realism, Garcia Márquez would have appreciated the Republic of Argentina’s recent combination of fact and fantasy. In mid-June, the finance ministry sold $2.75 billion worth of US dollar-denominated bonds that mature in one hundred years.Link

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