Found 287 article(s) in category 'Jobs and Unemployment'

Transitions: Career and Family Life Cycles of the Educational Elite

Transitions: Career and Family Life Cycles of the Educational Elite. Lawrence Katz, Claudia Goldin, 2008, Paper. “Among life’s most vital transitions are those concerning family and career. We decide when and whom to marry, how many children to have, whether to further our education, and which occupations and jobs to pursue. Fundamental aspects of these transitions began to change around the early 1970s for the college educated generally, and for women in particular. The median age at first marriage among college graduate women, which had been stable at about 22.5 years old from the 1950s to the early 1970s (for birth cohorts from…” Link

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Profits and Politics: Coordinating Technology Adoption in Agriculture

Profits and Politics: Coordinating Technology Adoption in Agriculture, Rohini Pande, December 2007, Paper, “This paper examines the political economy of coordination in a simple two- sector model in which individuals’ choice of agricultural technology affects industrialization. We demonstrate the existence of multiple equilibria; the econ- omy is either characterized by the use of a traditional agricultural technology and a low level of industrialization or the use of a mechanized technology and a high level of industrialization. Relative to the traditional technology, the mechanized technology increases output but leaves some population groups worse off. We show that the distributional implications of choosing the mechanized technology restrict the possibility of Pareto-improving coordination by an elected policy-maker, even when we allow for income redistribution.” Link

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DAMS. Rohini Pande, October 2007, Paper: “This paper studies the productivity and distributional effects of large irrigation dams in India. Our instrumental variable estimates exploit the fact that river gradient affects a district’s suit- ability for dams. In districts located downstream from a dam, agricultural production increases, and vulnerability to rainfall shocks declines. In contrast, agricultural production shows an in- significant increase in the district where the dam is located but its volatility increases. Rural poverty declines in downstream districts but increases in the district where the dam is built, suggesting that neither markets nor state institutions have alleviated the adverse distributional impacts of dam construction.” Link

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Structural Transformation in Chile

Structural Transformation in Chile. Ricardo Hausmann, June 2007, Paper. “Chile’s robust economic growth during Latin America’s period of economic stagnation has earned it the reputation of an economic star. However, the impressive growth during the 1980s and 1990s seems to be cooling down. The following figure shows GDP per worker and investment per worker from 1960 to 2004, both of which level off in the late 1990s…” Link

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The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States

The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States. George Borjas, Lawrence Katz, May 2007, Book Chapter. “The population of Mexican-born persons residing in the United States has increased at an unprecedented rate in recent decades. This increase can be attributed to both legal and illegal immigration. During the entire decade of the 1950s, only about three hundred thousand legal Mexican immigrants entered the United States, making up 12 percent of the immigrant flow. In the 1990s, 2.2 million Mexicans entered the United States legally, making up almost 25 percent of the legal flow. In addition, it is estimated that (as of January…” Link

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The Spike at Benefit Exhaustion: Leaving the Unemployment System or Starting a New Job?

The Spike at Benefit Exhaustion: Leaving the Unemployment System or Starting a New Job? Raj Chetty, 2007, Paper. “In this paper, we review the literature on the spike in unemployment exit rates around benefit exhaustion, and present new evidence based on administrative data for a large sample of job losers in Austria. We and that the way unemployment spells are measured has a large e§ect on the magnitude of the spike at exhaustion, both in existing studies and in our Austrian data. Spikes are typically much smaller when spell length is defined by the time to next job than when it is defined by the time spent on the unemployment system...” Link

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Economic and Social Progress Report 2000 (IPES)

Economic and Social Progress Report 2000 (IPES). Ricardo Hausmann, 2000, Paper. “Competing in the world economy does not automatically boost a nation’s productivity and restructure its economy. Such progress requires mobilizing capital, employment, technology and knowledge. Opportunities beyond the business realm must be fully exploited to the benefit of society as a whole. The Report provides clear policy guidelines and priorities for both government and the private sector to foster competitiveness…” Link

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