Found 299 article(s) in category 'Innovation'

Urban Networks: Spreading the Flow of Goods, People, and Ideas

Urban Networks: Spreading the Flow of Goods, People, and Ideas. Edward Glaeser, September 7, 2015, Paper. “Should China build mega-cities or a network of linked middle-sized metropolises? Can Europe’s mid-sized cities compete with global agglomeration by forging stronger inter-urban links? This paper examines these questions within a model of recombinant growth and endogenous local amenities. Three primary factors determine the trade-off’s between networks and big cities: local returns to scale in innovation, the elasticity of housing supply, and the importance of local amenities…Link

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The Globalization of Angel Investments

The Globalization of Angel Investments. Josh Lerner, September 2015, Paper, “The last decade has seen a rapid expansion and deepening of the types of vehicles that fund start-up firms in the U.S. and worldwide. In particular, we have seen a growing role of angel groups and other more “individualistic” funding options for start-ups, such as super angels or crowd sourcing platforms. While venture capital remains concentrated in a few metropolitan areas, mostly in the United States, the amount of angel investments appear to be increasing in many nations (Wilson and Silva, 2013). But one could argue that the funding of new ventures by wealthy individuals…Link

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Enterprises as Innovation Schools

Enterprises as Innovation Schools. Calestous Juma, August/September 2015, Paper. “The article discusses the importance of entrepreneurship for economic transformation & job creation in Africa. It informs that mobile technology is one of major technological platform for enterprise development in Africa. It highlights business models which facilitate the acquisition of manufacturing capabilities. It highlights challenges faced by African countries to identify technology-based enterprises and promote industrial development.Link

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How Companies Can Enrich Shareholders—and the Planet

How Companies Can Enrich Shareholders—and the Planet. Michael Porter, August 20, 2015, Opinion. “A quiet corporate revolution is underway: Companies are beginning to compete to change the world for the better. The drive for profit, often criticized for coming at society’s expense, is driving and enabling solutions to many of the world’s most challenging problems. For decades many companies ignored the social and environmental consequences of their activities. They saw their main responsibility as delivering returns to shareholders and viewed their obligations to society narrowly, as “giving back” through philanthropy…” Link

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Innovation Needed for Long-term Sustainability

Innovation Needed for Long-term Sustainability. Stefan Thomke, August 20, 2015, Opinion. “Innovation is not something you switch on and hope it will happen next week. It may take years. So you have to do it all the time. And you must do it when the end result is not clear. If you are always looking for assurance, then maybe you are not ready to be CEO. When you look at it closely, it is not that risky. Think about what you are going to leave for your successor. I deal with these issues in a case study on Lego, the famous plastic toy builder company. This is something I divide into four periods — the first, where the founders built one of the greatest brands…” Link

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Interview with Dr. Robert Eccles on Sustainability, Data, and ESG Innovations

Interview with Dr. Robert Eccles on Sustainability, Data, and ESG Innovations. Robert Eccles, August 11, 2015, Video, “Dr. Robert Eccles, Professor of Management Practice at Harvard Business School, discusses the importance of sustainability, the trends behind Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance (ESG) reporting and data sets, and the latest innovations that are helping investors better understand the implications and potential materiality of ESG issues within their investments.Link

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Taking a Long View on Corporate Reform

Taking a Long View on Corporate Reform. Lawrence Summers, August 10, 2015, Opinion, “A generation ago, Japan’s keiretsu system, which insulated corporate management from share price pressure by tying large companies together, was widely seen as a great Japanese strength; yet even apart from Japan’s manifest macroeconomic difficulties, Japanese companies lacking market discipline have squandered leads in sectors ranging from electronics to automobiles to information technology.Link

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Alternative Metrics for Comparing Domestic Climate Change Mitigation Efforts and the Emerging International Climate Policy Architecture

Alternative Metrics for Comparing Domestic Climate Change Mitigation Efforts and the Emerging International Climate Policy Architecture. Joseph Aldy, August 4, 2015, Paper. “The availability of practical mechanisms for comparing domestic efforts aimed at mitigating global climate change are important for the stability, equity, and efficiency of international climate agreements. We examine a variety of metrics that could be used to compare countries’ climate change mitigation efforts and illustrate their potential application to large developed and developing countries. Because there is no single comprehensive, measurable metric that could be applied…” Link

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Knowledge, Knowledge… Knowledge for My Economy

Knowledge, Knowledge… Knowledge for My Economy. Richard Freeman, 2015, Book Chapter. “The creation of S&T knowledge and development of S&T- based innovation has spread worldwide from traditionally advanced countries to traditionally developing countries, often under the direction of governments. Korea is an exemplar in this new locus. Korea’s burst in Science and Technology during the last three decades has made Korea a substantive player in the global production of S&T knowledge and its application to business. Although Korea still trails the US and other top countries in the quality of research, it has leaped...” Link

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Better Predictions, Better Allocations: Scientific Advances and Adaptation to Climate Change

Better Predictions, Better Allocations: Scientific Advances and Adaptation to Climate Change. Richard Zeckhauser, August 1, 2015, Paper. “The initial hope for climate science was that an improved understanding of what the future might bring would lead to appropriate public policies and effective international climate agreements. Even if that hope is not realized, as now seems likely, scientific advances leading to a more refined assessment of the uncertainties surrounding the future impacts of climate change would facilitate more appropriate adaptation measures. Such measures might involve shifting modes or locales of production…” Link

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