Found 303 article(s) in category 'Innovation'

PolicyCast: Carmen Reinhart on what has worked in past sovereign debt crises

PolicyCast: Carmen Reinhart on what has worked in past sovereign debt crises. Carmen Reinhart, September 23, 2015, Audio, “The Boston Globe presents the Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast, a weekly podcast on public policy, politics, and global issues. HKS PolicyCast is hosted by Matt Cadwallader at Harvard Kennedy School.Link

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Economists’ declaration on universal health coverage

Economists’ declaration on universal health coverage. Lawrence Summers, September 17, 2015, Opinion, “With the UN set to launch the bold sustainable development agenda this autumn, this is a crucial moment for global leaders to reflect on the financial investments to maximise progress by 2030. As an input into deliberations around those investments, the signatories to this declaration, economists from 44 countries, call on global policy makers to prioritise a pro-poor pathway to universal health coverage (UHC) as an essential pillar of development.Link

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Diets and Health: How Food Decisions Are Shaped by Biology, Economics, Geography, and Social Interactions

Diets and Health: How Food Decisions Are Shaped by Biology, Economics, Geography, and Social Interactions. Ichiro Kawachi, September 16, 2015, Paper. “Health is shaped by both personal choices and features of the food environment. Food-choice decisions depend on complex interactions between biology and behavior, and are further modulated by the built environment and community structure. That lower-income families have lower-quality diets is well established. Yet, diet quality also varies across small geographic neighborhoods and can be influenced by transportation, retail, and ease of access to healthy…” Link

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The Challenge of Shared Prosperity

The Challenge of Shared Prosperity. Jan Rivkin, Karen Mills, Michael E. Porter, Michael I. Norton, Mitchell Weiss, September 2015, Paper. “In the 2015 survey on U.S. competitiveness, HBS alumni weigh in on the current state and future trajectory of U.S. competitiveness as well as the structural strengths and weaknesses of the U.S. business environment. In addition, alumni delve deeper into two aspects of competitiveness: the health of entrepreneurship in the U.S. and business leaders’ views on shared prosperity. Alumni are optimistic about the ability of U.S. firms to compete globally and they see entrepreneurship as more accessible today than it was a decade ago…Link

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Urban Networks: Spreading the Flow of Goods, People, and Ideas

Urban Networks: Spreading the Flow of Goods, People, and Ideas. Edward Glaeser, September 7, 2015, Paper. “Should China build mega-cities or a network of linked middle-sized metropolises? Can Europe’s mid-sized cities compete with global agglomeration by forging stronger inter-urban links? This paper examines these questions within a model of recombinant growth and endogenous local amenities. Three primary factors determine the trade-off’s between networks and big cities: local returns to scale in innovation, the elasticity of housing supply, and the importance of local amenities…Link

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The Globalization of Angel Investments

The Globalization of Angel Investments. Josh Lerner, September 2015, Paper, “The last decade has seen a rapid expansion and deepening of the types of vehicles that fund start-up firms in the U.S. and worldwide. In particular, we have seen a growing role of angel groups and other more “individualistic” funding options for start-ups, such as super angels or crowd sourcing platforms. While venture capital remains concentrated in a few metropolitan areas, mostly in the United States, the amount of angel investments appear to be increasing in many nations (Wilson and Silva, 2013). But one could argue that the funding of new ventures by wealthy individuals…Link

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Enterprises as Innovation Schools

Enterprises as Innovation Schools. Calestous Juma, August/September 2015, Paper. “The article discusses the importance of entrepreneurship for economic transformation & job creation in Africa. It informs that mobile technology is one of major technological platform for enterprise development in Africa. It highlights business models which facilitate the acquisition of manufacturing capabilities. It highlights challenges faced by African countries to identify technology-based enterprises and promote industrial development.Link

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How Companies Can Enrich Shareholders—and the Planet

How Companies Can Enrich Shareholders—and the Planet. Michael Porter, August 20, 2015, Opinion. “A quiet corporate revolution is underway: Companies are beginning to compete to change the world for the better. The drive for profit, often criticized for coming at society’s expense, is driving and enabling solutions to many of the world’s most challenging problems. For decades many companies ignored the social and environmental consequences of their activities. They saw their main responsibility as delivering returns to shareholders and viewed their obligations to society narrowly, as “giving back” through philanthropy…” Link

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Innovation Needed for Long-term Sustainability

Innovation Needed for Long-term Sustainability. Stefan Thomke, August 20, 2015, Opinion. “Innovation is not something you switch on and hope it will happen next week. It may take years. So you have to do it all the time. And you must do it when the end result is not clear. If you are always looking for assurance, then maybe you are not ready to be CEO. When you look at it closely, it is not that risky. Think about what you are going to leave for your successor. I deal with these issues in a case study on Lego, the famous plastic toy builder company. This is something I divide into four periods — the first, where the founders built one of the greatest brands…” Link

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Interview with Dr. Robert Eccles on Sustainability, Data, and ESG Innovations

Interview with Dr. Robert Eccles on Sustainability, Data, and ESG Innovations. Robert Eccles, August 11, 2015, Video, “Dr. Robert Eccles, Professor of Management Practice at Harvard Business School, discusses the importance of sustainability, the trends behind Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance (ESG) reporting and data sets, and the latest innovations that are helping investors better understand the implications and potential materiality of ESG issues within their investments.Link

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