Found 299 article(s) in category 'Innovation'

The Measurement of Bridging Social Capital in Population Health Research

The Measurement of Bridging Social Capital in Population Health Research. Ichiro Kawachi, November 1, 2015, Paper. “Social capital is defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. The definition is consistent with either an individualistic approach or a collective approach. Social capital can be further classified according to bonding versus bridging social capital (e.g. relationships between individuals who are homogeneous or heterogeneous with respect to social class, race/ethnicity, or other attributes). We conducted a systematic review via Pubmed, the ISI web of knowledge…” Link

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On Interesting Policymakers

On Interesting Policymakers. Cass Sunstein, November 2015, Opinion. “If a nation created a Council of Psychological Science Advisers, what would it do? The closest analogy in the United States, of course, is the Council of Economic Advisers (CEA), whose advice often matters a great deal. The reason is not typically that the CEA offers interesting or novel academic findings. It is that public officials want to solve concrete policy problems, and the CEA (and other economists, found throughout the national government) can help them to do so. Suppose that the President of the United States wants his advisors to decide whether to adopt a “cash for clunkers” program, by which the government provides money to subsidize people who trade in their old vehicles for new ones. If the President seeks to stimulate the economy, and also to produce environmental improvements, economists will provide indispensable guidance (above all by projecting the results of the program with a useful cost–benefit analysis).Link

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Reflecting on Work Improves Productivity

Reflecting on Work Improves Productivity. Francesca Gino, October 5, 2015, Opinion. “Professor Francesca Gino of Harvard Business School was in India recently to conduct a module on negotiations for an executive education program of HBS in Mumbai. In an interview with BusinessLine she explains that her course is about helping people use ideas and tools, and construct frameworks to help them negotiate better. Edited excerpts: What can HR managers do to improve productivity at workplaces? I’ll give you an example. There was this Indian company where we did a project in helping them deal with the issue of labour turnover. They were spending…” Link

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Healthcare Exceptionalism? Performance and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Performance and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector. Amitabh Chandra, October 1, 2015, Paper. “The conventional wisdom in health economics is that idiosyncratic features of the healthcare sector leave little scope for market forces to allocate consumers to higher performance producers. However, we find robust evidence across a variety of conditions and performance measures that higher quality hospitals tend to have higher market shares at a point in time and expand more over time. Moreover, we find that the relationship between performance and allocation is stronger among patients who have greater…” Link

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The ABCs of Financial Education: Experimental Evidence on Attitudes, Behavior, and Cognitive Biases

The ABCs of Financial Education: Experimental Evidence on Attitudes, Behavior, and Cognitive Biases. Shawn Cole, September 2015, Paper. “This paper uses a large scale field experiment in India to study attitudinal, behavioral, and cognitive constraints that stymie the link between financial education and financial outcomes. The study complements financial education with (i) participant classroom motivation with pay for performance on a knowledge test, (ii) intensity of treatment with personalized financial counseling, and (iii) behavioral nudges with financial goal setting. The analysis finds no impact of pay for performance …” Link

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Growth & Shared Prosperity

Growth & Shared Prosperity. Karen Mills, Joseph Fuller, and Jan Rivkin, September 23, 2015, Paper. “In June 2015, nearly 75 experienced leaders from across business, government, labor, academia, and media gathered at Harvard Business School to discuss a topic of increasing concern in America: How can our nation continue to remain competitive while also providing a path to prosperity for more citizens? This report highlights the group’s deliberations and summarizes the HBS research that was presented during the convening …” Link

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PolicyCast: Carmen Reinhart on what has worked in past sovereign debt crises

PolicyCast: Carmen Reinhart on what has worked in past sovereign debt crises. Carmen Reinhart, September 23, 2015, Audio, “The Boston Globe presents the Harvard Kennedy School PolicyCast, a weekly podcast on public policy, politics, and global issues. HKS PolicyCast is hosted by Matt Cadwallader at Harvard Kennedy School.Link

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Economists’ declaration on universal health coverage

Economists’ declaration on universal health coverage. Lawrence Summers, September 17, 2015, Opinion, “With the UN set to launch the bold sustainable development agenda this autumn, this is a crucial moment for global leaders to reflect on the financial investments to maximise progress by 2030. As an input into deliberations around those investments, the signatories to this declaration, economists from 44 countries, call on global policy makers to prioritise a pro-poor pathway to universal health coverage (UHC) as an essential pillar of development.Link

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Diets and Health: How Food Decisions Are Shaped by Biology, Economics, Geography, and Social Interactions

Diets and Health: How Food Decisions Are Shaped by Biology, Economics, Geography, and Social Interactions. Ichiro Kawachi, September 16, 2015, Paper. “Health is shaped by both personal choices and features of the food environment. Food-choice decisions depend on complex interactions between biology and behavior, and are further modulated by the built environment and community structure. That lower-income families have lower-quality diets is well established. Yet, diet quality also varies across small geographic neighborhoods and can be influenced by transportation, retail, and ease of access to healthy…” Link

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The Challenge of Shared Prosperity

The Challenge of Shared Prosperity. Jan Rivkin, Karen Mills, Michael E. Porter, Michael I. Norton, Mitchell Weiss, September 2015, Paper. “In the 2015 survey on U.S. competitiveness, HBS alumni weigh in on the current state and future trajectory of U.S. competitiveness as well as the structural strengths and weaknesses of the U.S. business environment. In addition, alumni delve deeper into two aspects of competitiveness: the health of entrepreneurship in the U.S. and business leaders’ views on shared prosperity. Alumni are optimistic about the ability of U.S. firms to compete globally and they see entrepreneurship as more accessible today than it was a decade ago…Link

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