Found 401 article(s) in category 'Q3: Financial Crisis?'

HOW DO WE PREVENT THE NEXT FINANCIAL CRISIS?

The posts collected here explore the causes of the global financial crisis and its short- and long-term consequences. They include a multitude of proposals for preventing and mitigating financial crises in the future.

Harvard’s Hausmann Asks JPMorgan to Cut Venezuela From Index

Harvard’s Hausmann Asks JPMorgan to Cut Venezuela From Index. Ricardo Hausmann, May 26, 2017, Video, “Harvard University economist Ricardo Hausmann is calling on JPMorgan Chase & Co. to remove Venezuela from its bond indexes so that investors whose portfolios track the gauges aren’t compelled to buy notes issued by a government accused of human-rights violations.Link

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Monetary Policy in a Low Interest Rate World

Monetary Policy in a Low Interest Rate World. Kenneth Rogoff, May 19, 2017, Paper, “How should monetary policy be conducted if trend global real interest rates continue to remain below historical norms for another decade or two? And how, especially, might monetary authorities prepare for another deep recession? Whether or not the world has…Link

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Corporate Sustainability Disclosure and Financial Performance

Corporate Sustainability Disclosure and Financial Performance. George Serafeim, 2017, Paper, “Corporate environmental and social reporting lacks the comparability across companies that is a characteristic of financial information. To address this weakness, Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM) created analytical frameworks to measure the quality and scope of reporting relating to three focus areas: climate change, water and children’s rights. By translating information published by a global set of companies into standardized data, NBIM has constructed a dataset that can be used for analyzing and comparing companies across time and within sectors.” Link

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Understanding the Political Economy of the Eurozone Crisis

Understanding the Political Economy of the Eurozone Crisis. Jeffry Frieden, 2017, Paper, “The Eurozone crisis constitutes a grave challenge to European integration. This article presents an overview of the causes of the crisis and analyzes why it has been so difficult to resolve. We focus on how responses to the crisis were shaped by distributive conflicts both among and within countries. On the international level, debtor and creditor countries have fought over the distribution of responsibility for the accumulated debt; countries with current account surpluses and deficits have fought over who should implement the policies necessary to reduce the current account imbalances. Within countries, interest groups have fought to shift the costs of crisis resolution away from themselves.Link

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Private Equity and Financial Fragility during the Crisis

Private Equity and Financial Fragility during the Crisis. Josh Lerner, 2017, Paper, “Does private equity increase financial fragility during economic crises? To investigate this issue, we examine the financial decisions and performance of private equity-backed companies in the United Kingdom during the 2008 financial crisis. We find that PE-backed companies experienced a smaller decline in investment, relative to a carefully selected control group. PE-backed companies also experienced a larger increase in debt and equity issuances, while overall leverage remained unchanged. The effects are particularly strong for companies that were more likely to be financially constrained and those where private equity sponsors were more likely to have resources to help the portfolio company. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that PE sponsors relax financing constraints during a sudden tightening of credit markets and inconsistent with the hypothesis that private equity increase financial fragility during periods of financial turmoil.Link

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The Responsibilities and Role of Business in Relation to Society: Back to Basics?

The Responsibilities and Role of Business in Relation to Society: Back to Basics? Nien-hê Hsieh, April 11, 2017, Paper, “In this address, I outline a “back to basics” approach to specifying the responsibilities and role of business in relation to society. Three “basics” comprise the approach. The first is arguing that basic principles of ordinary morality, such as a duty not to harm, provide an adequate basis for specifying the responsibilities of business managers. The second is framing the role of business in society by looking to the values realized by the basic building blocks of contemporary economic activity, i.e., markets and firms. The third is making explicit the basic institutions that structure the background against which business operates. The aim is to develop a plausible framework for managerial decision making that respects the fact of value pluralism in a global economy and that fosters meaningful criticism of current business practices while remaining sufficiently grounded in contemporary circumstances so as to be relevant for managers. Link

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America’s Economy and the Case for Free Markets

America’s Economy and the Case for Free Markets. N. Gregory Mankiw, April 9, 2017, Video, “The Harvard economics professor on the economy and our need for free markets. Click “Show more” to view chapters. For more conversations, visit htttp://conversationswithbillkristol.org Chapter 1 (00:15 – 45:37): The State of the U.S. Economy Chapter 2 (45:37 – 1:06:03): The Case for Free Markets Greg Mankiw is a professor of economics at Harvard University and was chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under President George W. Bush (2003-2005). In this Conversation, Mankiw analyzes the American economy and shares his perspective on current public policy debates about trade, immigration, technological innovation, jobs, and economic growth. Reflecting on the economic challenges the U.S. faces today, Mankiw makes the case for a robust commitment to free markets—both for the sake of America and for the world.Link

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Collaborative is Superadditive in Political Economics

Collaborative is Superadditive in Political Economics. Richard Zeckhauser, 2017, Book Chapter, “This collection gathers some of the greatest minds in economics to discuss their experiences of collaborative research and publication. Nobel Prize winners and other eminent scholars from a representative sample of economics’ major sub-disciplines share how and why they came to work primarily in partnerships or on their own, whether naturally or by necessity. The contributions include discussions of personal experiences, statistical analyses, different levels of investment, and how the digital age has changed researcher interactions. As budget cuts and resource consolidation make working together vital in ever more fields of academia, this book offers valuable advice to help young and seasoned scholars alike identify the right co-author(s).Link

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The Rise of Economic Insecurity in the EU: Concepts and Measures

The Rise of Economic Insecurity in the EU: Concepts and Measures. Jason Beckfield, 2017, Paper, “Economic instability, an array of social changes, and welfare state retrenchment place the question of economic insecurity high on the scholarly and political agenda. We contribute to thesedebates by drawing conceptual distinctions between inequality and insecurity. Fundamentally,inequality concerns the distribution of resources across individuals, while insecurity concerns exposure to multiple social risks that can deteriorate living conditions. The multiplicity and dynamism of insecurity inform our development of a new measure of economic insecurity, using longitudinal data from the EU-SILC database. Substantively, we then use our new measure to analyze the distribution of insecurity in Europe.Link

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