Found 430 article(s) in category 'Financial Services'

Capital Flow Cycles: A Long, Global View

Capital Flow Cycles: A Long, Global View. Carmen Reinhart, October 31, 2017, Paper, “This paper develops a new, extensive database on international capital flows over the past 200 years by combining long-run data on international debt issuance, the current account, and central bank reserves across countries. We show that crossborder financial flows from financial centers to the periphery are cyclical, with similar patterns over time. We document the interaction between the capital flow cycle, the commodity price super-cycle, and short-term interest rates.Link

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Four Proposals to Help Commodity Exporters Cope with Price Volatility

Four Proposals to Help Commodity Exporters Cope with Price Volatility. Jeffrey Frankel, October 17, 2017, Paper, “Financial markets have done little, if anything, to moderate the impact of commodity price volatility on the exporting countries. This column reviews four proposals to make exporters less vulnerable to volatility – two attempts at appropriate financial engineering, and two attempts at countercyclical macroeconomic policy. One in each category is tried and tested; the other two have hardly been tried.Link

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Counting and Caring

Counting and Caring. Lawrence Summers, October 17, 2017, Paper, “The article presents the author’s views on economist Howard Raiffa who is known for his contributions to both decision sciences and negotiation analysis. Topics include the impact of Howard’s book “Decision Analysis” on the author in developing intellectual interests; and the role of his book in helping the author learn about Bayesian models and group decision making.Link

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Do Fire Sales Create Externalities?

Do Fire Sales Create Externalities? Adi Sunderam, October 12, 2017, Opinion, “We develop three novel measures of how much of the price impact of their trading different mutual funds internalize. We show that mutual funds that internalize more of their price impact hold larger cash buffers and use these buffers more aggressively to accommodate inflows and outflows. As a result, stocks held by these funds have lower volatility, and flows out of these funds have smaller spillover effects on other funds holding the same securities. Our results suggest that there are meaningful fire sale externalities in the mutual fund industry, and that a planner coordinating among funds would choose different liquidity management policies.Link

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The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information

The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information. Hal Scott, October 2, 2017, Opinion, “Is your personal information safe from the Securities and Exchange Commission? The SEC has mandated that U.S. stock exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority establish a database by November 2018 that will store the names, birth dates, Social Security numbers and brokerage accounts of tens of millions of U.S. investors as part of the Consolidated Audit Trail.Link

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The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates

The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates. Carmen Reinhart, September 23, 2017, Opinion, “Atlantic-hugging policymakers and pundits, buffered by a continent and a large ocean, may not fully appreciate the significant effect on global financial markets that the threat posed by North Korea has had in recent months. But competition for safe assets has clearly heated up.Link

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Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI

Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI. Laura Alfaro, September 19, 2017, Paper, “The topic of this Symposium is not only of utmost relevance for the academic and policy community, it is also very timely. The last two meetings of G20 leaders in Hamburg, Germany, and Chengdu, China, highlighted the importance of financing and other support mechanisms in implementing the global goals for sustainable development. The 2015 United Nations Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa, resulted in the groundbreaking agreement, the so-called Addis Ababa Action Agenda, containing bold measures to overhaul global finance practices and generate investments for tackling a range of economic, social and environmental challenges. Indeed, the cornerstone for the success of the new sustainable development agenda, which will be driven by the implementation of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is financing and investment.Link

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Venture Capital Data: Opportunities and Challenges

Venture Capital Data: Opportunities and Challenges. Josh Lerner, 2017, Book Chapter, “Start-ups and other entrepreneurial ventures make a significant contribution to the US economy, particularly in the tech sector, where they comprise some of the largest and most influential companies. Yet for every high-profile, high-growth company like Apple, Facebook, Microsoft, and Google, many more fail. This enormous heterogeneity poses conceptual and measurement challenges for economists concerned with understanding their precise impact on economic growth.Link

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Odiousness Ratings for Public Debt

Odiousness Ratings for Public Debt. Ricardo Hausmann, August 30, 2017, Opinion, “Well-functioning markets should have shut down the Venezuelan regime’s access to finance long before US President Donald Trump did. The fact that they didn’t not only shocked the moral sentiments of many, but also revealed a fundamental defect in sovereign debt markets’ institutional architecture.Link

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Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade

Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade. Richard Zeckhauser, August 17, 2017, Paper, “Donald Trump’s surprise election shifted expectations: corporate taxes would be lower and trade policies more restrictive. Relative stock prices responded appropriately. High-tax firms and those with large deferred tax liabilities (DTLs) gained; those with significant deferred tax assets from net operating loss carryforwards (NOL DTAs) lost. Domestically focused companies fared better than internationally oriented firms. A price contribution analysis shows that easily assessed consequences (DTLs, NOL DTAs, tax rates) were priced faster than more complex issues (net DTLs, foreign exposure). In sum, the analysis demonstrates that expectations about tax rates greatly impact firm values.Link

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