Found 409 article(s) in category 'Financial Services'

Harvard Business School Professor Explains the Most Important Problem We Have In Finance Today And How To Fix It

Harvard Business School Professor Explains the Most Important Problem We Have In Finance Today And How To Fix It. Mihir Desai, June 5, 2017, Video, “Mihir Desai, a professor of Harvard Business School and the author of “Wisdom of Finance” explains why having shareholders who are separate from the managers hold great danger for finance today. Following is a transcript of the video.Link

 

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The Untenable Case for Perpetual Dual-Class Stock

The Untenable Case for Perpetual Dual-Class Stock. Lucian Bebchuk, June 2017, Paper, “The desirability of a dual-class structure, which enables founders of public companies to retain a lock on control while holding a minority of the company’s equity capital, has long been the subject of a heated debate. This debate has focused on whether dual-class stock is an efficient capital structure that should be permitted at the time of initial public offering (“IPO”). By contrast, we focus on how the passage of time since the IPO can be expected to affect the efficiency of such a structure.Link

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The Hazards of Expert Control: Chief Risk Officers and Risky Derivatives

The Hazards of Expert Control: Chief Risk Officers and Risky Derivatives. Frank Dobbin, May 31, 2017, Paper, “At the turn of the century, regulators introduced policies to control bank risk-taking. Many banks appointed chief risk officers (CROs), yet bank holdings of new, complex, and untested financial derivatives subsequently soared. Why did banks expand use of new derivatives? We suggest that CROs encouraged the rise of new derivatives in two ways. First, we build on institutional arguments about the expert construction of compliance, suggesting that risk experts arrived with an agenda of maximizing risk-adjusted returns, which led them to favor the derivatives. Second, we build on moral licensing arguments to suggest that bank appointment of CROs induced “organizational licensing,” leading trading-desk managers to reduce policing of their own risky behavior.Link

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Lessons Unlearned? Corporate Debt in Emerging Markets

Lessons Unlearned? Corporate Debt in Emerging Markets. Laura Alfaro, May 2017, Paper, “This paper documents a set of stylized facts about leverage and financial fragility in the nonfinancial corporate sector in emerging markets since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). Corporate debt vulnerability indicators prior to the Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) attributed to corporate financial roots provide a benchmark for comparison. The firm-level data suggest that emerging markets post-GFC have lower leverage ratios than the five Asian crisis countries (Asian Five) in the run-up to the AFC. However, a broader set of emerging market countries show weaker liquidity, solvency, and profitability indicators.Link

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The Case Against Subsidizing Housing Debt

The Case Against Subsidizing Housing Debt. Jeffrey Frankel, May 29, 2017, Opinion, “At the end of the first quarter, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, American consumer debt for the first time exceeded its previous peak (in dollars), reached in the third quarter of 2008, just as the global financial crisis erupted. Although car loans and student debt have been rising especially rapidly, housing debt remains more than two-thirds of the $12.7 trillion total.Link

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Harvard’s Hausmann Asks JPMorgan to Cut Venezuela From Index

Harvard’s Hausmann Asks JPMorgan to Cut Venezuela From Index. Ricardo Hausmann, May 26, 2017, Video, “Harvard University economist Ricardo Hausmann is calling on JPMorgan Chase & Co. to remove Venezuela from its bond indexes so that investors whose portfolios track the gauges aren’t compelled to buy notes issued by a government accused of human-rights violations.Link

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Understanding the Political Economy of the Eurozone Crisis

Understanding the Political Economy of the Eurozone Crisis. Jeffry Frieden, 2017, Paper, “The Eurozone crisis constitutes a grave challenge to European integration. This article presents an overview of the causes of the crisis and analyzes why it has been so difficult to resolve. We focus on how responses to the crisis were shaped by distributive conflicts both among and within countries. On the international level, debtor and creditor countries have fought over the distribution of responsibility for the accumulated debt; countries with current account surpluses and deficits have fought over who should implement the policies necessary to reduce the current account imbalances. Within countries, interest groups have fought to shift the costs of crisis resolution away from themselves.Link

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Why Did Trump Accept Venezuela’s Money?

Why Did Trump Accept Venezuela’s Money? Kenneth Rogoff, May 4, 2017, Opinion, “There is a certain irony in recent news that Venezuela donated a half-million dollars to Donald Trump’s presidential inauguration through Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), the state-owned oil company. Venezuela, of course, is a serial defaulter, having done so more times than almost any other country over the last two centuries.Link

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Private Equity and Financial Fragility during the Crisis

Private Equity and Financial Fragility during the Crisis. Josh Lerner, 2017, Paper, “Does private equity increase financial fragility during economic crises? To investigate this issue, we examine the financial decisions and performance of private equity-backed companies in the United Kingdom during the 2008 financial crisis. We find that PE-backed companies experienced a smaller decline in investment, relative to a carefully selected control group. PE-backed companies also experienced a larger increase in debt and equity issuances, while overall leverage remained unchanged. The effects are particularly strong for companies that were more likely to be financially constrained and those where private equity sponsors were more likely to have resources to help the portfolio company. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that PE sponsors relax financing constraints during a sudden tightening of credit markets and inconsistent with the hypothesis that private equity increase financial fragility during periods of financial turmoil.Link

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