Found 1323 article(s) in category 'Economic Growth'

More Frequent Sales Quotas Help Volume but Hurt Profits

More Frequent Sales Quotas Help Volume but Hurt Profits. Das Narayandas, August 20, 2017, Opinion, “Firms often struggle with finding the best way to motivate their sales force. How much of a sales rep’s compensation should consist of a fixed salary and how much should be based on commission? What’s the effectiveness of bonuses and other incentives? In a recent study, we focused on sales quotas. More specifically, what should be the appropriate frequency of quotas—daily or monthly?Link

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Trump’s CEOs Resigned. His Cabinet Should do the Same

Trump’s CEOs Resigned. His Cabinet Should do the Same. Lawrence Summers, August 17, 2017, Opinion, “President Trump, recognizing the inevitable, has disbanded his business advisory councils to preempt the tidal wave of resignations that was in the offing. Given my long-standing views about chief executives lending legitimacy to the Trump administration, I was delighted that a group of CEOs forced this step.Link

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Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade

Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade. Richard Zeckhauser, August 17, 2017, Paper, “Donald Trump’s surprise election shifted expectations: corporate taxes would be lower and trade policies more restrictive. Relative stock prices responded appropriately. High-tax firms and those with large deferred tax liabilities (DTLs) gained; those with significant deferred tax assets from net operating loss carryforwards (NOL DTAs) lost. Domestically focused companies fared better than internationally oriented firms. A price contribution analysis shows that easily assessed consequences (DTLs, NOL DTAs, tax rates) were priced faster than more complex issues (net DTLs, foreign exposure). In sum, the analysis demonstrates that expectations about tax rates greatly impact firm values.Link

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Production and Welfare: Progress in Economic Measurement

Production and Welfare: Progress in Economic Measurement. Dale Jorgenson, 2017, Paper, “While the GDP was intended by its originators as a measure of production, the absence of a measure of welfare in the national accounts has led to widespread misuse of the GDP to proxy welfare. Measures of welfare are needed to appraise the outcomes of changes in economic policies and evaluate the results. Concepts that describe the income distribution, such as poverty and inequality, fall within the scope of welfare rather than production. This paper reviews recent advances in the measurement of production and welfare within the national accounts, primarily in the United States and the international organizations. Expanding the framework beyond the national accounts has led to important innovations in the measurement of both production and welfare.Link

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The Mexican Paradox

The Mexican Paradox. Dani Rodrik, August 10, 2017, Opinion, “After a series of macroeconomic crises in the mid-1990s, Mexico undertook bold reforms, from liberalizing its economic policies to investing in education. But, while these efforts brought some benefits, they failed to spur significant productivity and economic growth.Link

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Rising Medical Costs Mean More Rough Times Ahead

Rising Medical Costs Mean More Rough Times Ahead. David Cutler, August 8, 2017, Opinion, “Medical costs are rising again, after recent years of historic lows. As the figure shows, growth rates of real per person medical spending in the past 3 years have averaged 3.4% annually, up from 0.9% in 2011 to 2013. Although the current growth rate is low in a historical context, it exceeds the economy’s growth as a whole. Thus, health costs are expected to reappear on the radar screen of governments, businesses, and households.Link

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Investors as Stewards of the Commons?

Investors as Stewards of the Commons? George Serafeim, August 8, 2017, Paper, “Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in the number of initiatives seeking to mobilize investor voice towards positive social impact. In this paper, I provide a framework outlining the role of investors as stewards of the commons. While companies are increasingly addressing environmental and social issues that also improve their economic value, for some of these issues individual company action is costly. At the same time, for a further subset of those issues, company action coupled with collaboration between companies is value enhancing. However, collaboration between companies is notoriously difficult and fragile requiring commitment mechanisms.Link

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Populist Trade Policies will not Protect Jobs Anywhere in the World

Populist Trade Policies will not Protect Jobs Anywhere in the World. Kenneth Rogoff, August 2, 2017, Opinion, “As US and European political leaders fret about the future of quality jobs, they would do well to look at the far bigger problems faced by developing Asia – problems that threaten to place massive downward pressure on global wages. In India, where per capita income is roughly a tenth that of the US, more than 10 million people a year are leaving the countryside and pouring into urban areas, and they often cannot find work even as chaiwalas, much less as computer programmers. The same angst that Americans and Europeans have about the future of jobs is an order of magnitude higher in Asia.Link

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Recovery is Not Resolution

Recovery is Not Resolution. Carmen Reinhart, August 1, 2017, Opinion, “Earlier this year, the consensus view among economists was that the United States would outstrip its advanced-economy rivals. The expected US growth spurt would be driven by the economic stimulus package described in President Donald Trump’s election campaign. But the most notable positive economic news of 2017 among the developed countries has been coming from Europe.Link

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The Agency Problems of Institutional Investors

The Agency Problems of Institutional Investors. Lucian Bebchuk, Summer 2017, Paper, “Financial agency result from problems economics the dispersion between and corporate of  corporate ownership governance managers in large have publicly and long shareholders traded focused corpora- on that the Financial agency problems between corporate managers and shareholders that result from the dispersion of ownership in large publicly traded corporations. In this paper, we focus on how the rise of institutional investors over the past several decades has transformed the corporate landscape and, in turn, the governance problems of the modern corporation. The rise of institutional investors has led to increased concentration of equity ownership, with most public corporations now having a substantial proportion of their shares held by a small number of institutional investors. At the same time, these institutions are controlled by investment managers, which have their own agency problems vis-à-vis their own beneficial investors. These agency problems are the focus of our analysis.Link

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